In 1949, astronomer Fred Hoyle coined the term Big Bang as a joke. Fred Hoyle believed in “panspermia as the origin of life on Earth”. On the surface, a Big Bang could explain a situation in which nothing transfers to something. However, nothing is – by definition – the absence of energy and of matter.
Recently, we are finally seeing lots of articles with the same question: what preceded the Big Bang?
Most likely, this question is wrong because a Big Bang never happened. Moreover, it’s impossible because any explosion would decrease in force over time rather than accelerate (ie, expanding Universe).
On 26 July 2022, James Lovelock died at the age of 102. He is best known for proposing the Gaia hypothesis that views planet Earth as a complex, living, self-regulating entity. When you combine the Gaia hypothesis with ideas like panpsychism and panspermia, a very different explanation emerges.
In my view, there are two more explanations for the start of our Universe:
- The entire Universe is a complex, conscious, living, and self-regulating entity.
- Our Universe is the offspring of a multiverse.
In this context, an expanding universe is the growth of that complex, conscious, living, and self-regulating entity. New stars and planets are like its descendants / offspring. Moreover, my view fits with a macro-micro perspective, or a Droste effect (ie, my 2021 blog).
The updated diagram in my Energy-Matter and SpaceTime matrix blog would then look as follows:
“The realization that time can behave like another direction of space means one can get rid of the problem of time having a beginning, in a similar way in which we got rid of the edge of the world.
Suppose the beginning of the universe was like the South Pole of the earth, with degrees of latitude playing the role of time.
As one moves north, the circles of constant latitude, representing the size of the universe, would expand. The universe would start as a point at the South Pole, but the South Pole is much like any other point.
To ask what happened before the beginning of the universe would become a meaningless question, because there is nothing south of the South Pole.”quote
Note: all markings (bold, italic, underlining) by LO unless in quotes or stated otherwise.